Lewis Carroll

Born: January 27, 1832 Died: January 14, 1898,

Occupation: Author, mathematician and Photographer

Challenges overcome: Speech & Language Impairment, Hearing Impairment

Successes, Achievements & Awards:

Born in Daresbury in January 1832, Charles L Dodgson was an author, mathematician and photographer. He accrued success with his children’s novels, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Through The Looking Glass and What Alice Found There, which he published under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. Carroll was the eldest of his eleven siblings, and he excelled in mathematics at school and won a number of academic prizes. He won a studentship (a life fellowship) to Christ College when he was 20years old and later won the Christ Church Mathematics Lectureship in 1855, a position that he held for 26 years. He also became a deacon for the church whilst at Christ Church and preached to congregations. He also lectured away from his college, often on mathematics and logic, to children and young people at other schools and colleges. Lewis was an accomplished photographer, specialising in portraits, often of children. He first began experimenting by photographing his friends and family, and architectural landscapes, before finding his focus in children. Helmut Gernsheim, the historian, called his ‘photographic achievements … truly astonishing’ and proclaimed him ‘the most outstanding photographer of children in the nineteenth century’. It was through photography that Carroll first met the Liddell family, and Alice Liddell, the inspiration for Alice in his stories. When photographing the Christ Church Cathedral, Alice and her sisters were playing in the garden, and Lewis was then acquainted to the family from there on. He developed a strong friendship with Alice and often told her stories to entertain her. Alice once asked for his story of Alice in Wonderland to be written down for her, and the first copy of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was born. A copy of the story fell into novelist Henry Kingsley’s hands, who urged Lewis to publish it. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was published in 1865. It became the most popular children’s book in England before his death, and soon after, the world.

Challenges Overcome

Lewis Carroll had a stammer that was with him throughout his whole life. He often referred to it as his ‘hesitation’. His stammer was a big part of his image. It was reported that he only struggled with his stammer when in adult company, but had no problems when speaking to children. Although his stammer troubled him, it didn’t stop him from doing well in society. He was reported to be a capable entertainer and singer, even in front of an audience. Lewis Carroll suffered from a fever as a youngster, which left him deaf in one ear.

Disability Definitions

Speech and Language Impairment Speech and language impairment are basic categories that might be drawn in issues of communication involve hearing, speech, language, and fluency. A speech impairment is characterised by difficulty in articulation of words. Examples include stuttering or problems producing particular sounds. Articulation refers to the sounds, syllables, and phonology produced by the individual. Voice, however, may refer to the characteristics of the sounds produced specifically, the pitch, quality, and intensity of the sound. Often, fluency will also be considered a category under speech, encompassing the characteristics of rhythm, rate, and emphasis of the sound produced. A language impairment is a specific impairment in understanding and sharing thoughts and ideas, i.e. a disorder that involves the processing of linguistic information. Problems that may be experienced can involve the form of language, including grammar, morphology, syntax; and the functional aspects of language, including semantics and pragmatics.

www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ Speech and language impairment. (2015, March 31).

In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:33, May 20, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Speech_and_language_impairment&oldid=654413208


Hearing impairment/Deafness

Hearing impairment or hard of hearing or deafness refers to conditions in which individuals are fully or partially unable to detect or perceive at least some frequencies of sound which can typically be heard by most people. Hearing loss is caused by many factors, including: genetics, age, exposure to noise, illness, chemicals and physical trauma. Deafness is defined as a degree of impairment such that a person is unable to understand speech even in the presence of amplification. In profound deafness, even the loudest sounds produced by an audiometer (an instrument used to measure hearing by producing pure tone sounds through a range of frequencies) may not be detected. In total deafness, no sounds at all, regardless of amplification or method of production, are heard. Hearing loss. (2015, May 16).

In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:42, May 20, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hearing_loss&oldid=662664415



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